What Is Camouflage Fabric?
The uniform color used by Britain's first permanent regiment was red. People adopted this color when the first permanent army was established in 1645. On the contrary, each army adopts a different color as their national color. French soldiers learned to wear blue; Russians wear green; England wear red. It was not until the release of khaki uniforms at the end of the 19th century that the British army finally realized that monotonous color uniforms could provide better camouflage.
Camouflage fabric is used to hide people or equipment from the enemy. The camouflage fabric brings a unique effect to the enemy by making people or equipment disappear or appear in front of the enemy as a part of the natural environment. In order to do this, the fabric or clothing is dyed into multi-colored patches, so that the user cannot be distinguished from the surrounding environment.
The use of camouflage fabric:
Make uniforms for officers and soldiers of the national defense forces.
Make armored vehicles and other equipment inconspicuous.
Used to cover aircraft, guns and ships.
While making tents for living and storage purposes.
Camouflage fabric manufacturing requirements
It can be seen that there are two main substances in the manufacture of camouflage fabrics:
To make camouflage fabrics, organic and inorganic substances can be used. The materials needed to make camouflage fabrics are as follows:
1. Color requirements
Use special or selected dyes such as Procion MX and pigments such as barium sulfate.
Infrared absorption pigments should include organic and inorganic materials, such as perylene black and phthalocyanine blue, and organic materials include iron oxide, lead chromate, chromium oxide and isoindoline. Basically, these materials are mixed into the printing paste.
During the fiber formation process, some infrared absorbing pigments, such as carbon black, are incorporated into the polymer.
Infrared reflective coatings are required, such as coating carbon compounds on synthetic fibers.
2. Fabric demand
The prepared camouflage fabric must meet certain special requirements before it is used for military purposes or other purposes. The outline of these properties is as follows.
The fabric should have high pilling and should not have burr and burr tendency.
Both the tensile strength and the tearing strength should be high, sometimes depending on the end use.
It must have fastness to light, washing and perspiration.
The fabric should have special functional properties such as flame retardant, waterproof, windproof, breathable, and antibacterial.
This fabric should be non-luminous in nature.
Application of camouflage fabric in military protective clothing
Camouflage fabrics are mainly used in the field of national defense, but also a small part are used in other fields such as fashion clothing industry and decorative purposes. The application of camouflage fabrics in military textiles is discussed below:
In military clothing, camouflage fabrics have existed for more than 75 years, and have become popular from 1990 after the operation Desert Storm in the Middle East by US Forces with NATO Alliances. Today, most armed forces, including the army, navy, air force, and paramilitary forces, use camouflage fabrics because this fabric increases the safety factor of each soldier, and the nature of the fabric improves comfort level and the roughness.